Civil engineers are involved in planning and design of highways, railways, airports, buildings, bridges, tunnels, dams and water supply and sewer systems. Following the planning and design stages they are responsible for the safe application of the design projects on site as well as their management during construction. Civil Engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines and covers specialty areas such as structural engineering, water resources and hydraulics, geotechnical engineering, transportation and construction management.
The works of civil engineers have played a major role in the establishment and development of the modern society. Everywhere in the world it is possible to see the traces of the works of civil engineers. It is the civil engineers who have planned and designed the highways on which we drive our cars, behind the fact that the buildings in which we live in stand safe over the years there are carefully thought civil engineering activities, again civil engineers played an important role in supply of our clean water with the correct tap pressure.
A Civil Engineering undergraduate program is, in the most general sense, a program in which mathematics is used in combination with physics, chemistry and materials science to solve civil engineering problems. Having gone through such an education, a civil engineer generally tries to estimate the performance of his/her engineering design by using relevant theory and models. The design could be a bridge, a building, a dam or a water supply system. In civil engineering practice, designs are carried out using rules which were validated generally by experimantal studies and in compliance with relevant theory. In practical sense, the design is mostly composed of enginnering calculations and drawings. The design drawings are reflected on site as the future civil engineering structure or system which will serve the society.